What used to be referred to as ADD is now medically recognised as a biological neurological condition with 3 subtypes. The common and preferred medical term is ADHD. Subtypes include Inattentive, Hyperactive-Impulsive, or a combination of the two.
Symptoms of ADHD can vary widely from being quiet and detached, profoundly disorganised, or having a bounce-off-the-walls level of energy. They can also vary according to the child's natural personality and level of maturity. When it comes to being in a learning environment, these behaviours can create unique challenges.
Firstly, it's helpful to understand why it's so difficult for children with ADHD to do well in traditional school settings. Each of the 3 subtypes has its own unique challenges.